Ready or not: Where the states stand on Y2K

Ready or not: Where the states stand on Y2K<@VM>Ready or not: Where the states stand on Y2K - Louisiana through North Dakota<@VM>Ready or not: Where the states stand on Y2K - Ohio through Wyoming

By Claire E. House and Trudy Walsh

GCN Staff

To paraphrase 17th century poet John Donne, comparisons are odious. But could they shed some light on how the states are faring in year 2000 readiness?

The National Association of State Information Resource Executives tried to compile its member states' readiness numbers by creating a uniform Web reporting form.

But some news organizations used the data to compare states out of context. For example, The Wall Street Journal reported that five states'Alabama, Arkansas, Oregon, Rhode Island and South Carolina'were 0 percent ready after the states left some reporting fields blank because their reporting methods did not conform to NASIRE's.

Oregon, one of the Goose Egg Five, began receiving calls from bond raters concerned that the state's rating would drop, said Christy Leonhardt, communications coordinator for Oregon's Year 2000 Project Office. Oregon ultimately withdrew its NASIRE membership over the incident.

The accompanying U.S. map shows approximate amounts that each state will spend on year 2000 work, but even those numbers vary. Among the 50 states and the District of Columbia, this section reflects 51 ways to track year 2000 work.

Kansas chief information technology officer Don Heiman, for instance, said he considers all state systems mission-critical. If it's not mission-critical, why keep it, he said. Hawaii, by contrast, has defined 12 of its 881 systems as mission-critical. But with all their differences, most state representatives agreed on a few key points.

First among them was that the state's top priority be the well-being and safety of its citizens, and that any system affecting health, public safety or financial transactions be first on the year 2000 to-do list. Second, every state representative agreed on the importance of contingency planning. And third, representatives of all 50 states and the District of Columbia said they would spend a good portion of the rest of the year on educating the public about year 2000.

Despite each state's best guess, no one can be 100 per-cent certain what's on the other side of midnight on New Year's Eve.

ALABAMA $114 million-$127 million

State officials, who asked that information not be specifically attributed, told GCN/State & Local that the spending estimate includes contingency planning numbers and also counts expenses that come from within agency operating budgets.

The state's readiness numbers refer to 300 critical business processes rather than systems. Each agency has reported that it will be ready on time. The state is conducting a full-scale contingency planning effort for any that may fall behind or have unexpected problems.

Systems include those of all three governmental branches as well as higher education.

ALASKA $17 million

According to Bob Poe, commissioner of Alaska's Administration Department, the total of $16.8 million for the northernmost state's year 2000 fix includes $11.3 million appropriated by the state Legislature; $2 million for the legislative branch; $180,000 for the court system, which 'wasn't really automated'; and $3.5 million for the university system.

Alaska is different from the rest of the states in a couple of ways, Poe said. 'Power outages aren't a new experience for us. We tend to have food in our fridge, backup generators, extra wood in the woodpile. Each community can generate its own electricity.'

ARIZONA $125 million

For its year 2000 spending estimates, Arizona included the costs for fixing embedded chips and telephony in all executive branch agencies. As of July, Arizona had 212 of its 239 mission-critical systems remediated, tested and back in business, said Art Ranney, IT oversight manager for the Government Information Technology Agency. 'Our embedded systems are 97 percent ready to go,' he said.

Ranney said one of the biggest challenges the GITA staff faced was finding people to install the telephony and network equipment once it was fixed. GITA's Web site, at, lists charts of the state's year 2000 spending and readiness figures.

ARKANSAS$60 million

'Contingency planning is where it's at,' said year 2000 project manager Art Paschke. State officials lowered the renovated and ready numbers because they included contingency planning as a condition of readiness, Paschke said. 'As long as you have a contingency plan, you'll be able to work around problems that might arise,' he said.

As part of the state's public education strategy, officials put refrigerator magnets that ask 'RUY2KOK?' in the kits developed by the President's Council on the Year 2000 Conversion. Designed to look like a miniature Arkansas license plate, the magnets display the state's year 2000 Web address,

CALIFORNIA $357 million

California's year 2000 spending numbers mostly reflect expenditures for executive branch agencies, said George Kostyrko, public information officer for the Information Technology Department. The $357 million figure excludes expenditures for higher education, the legislative branch and the court system. It does, however, include estimates for staff time.

California is counting 556 systems as mission-critical. Kostyrko also said that state officials were drawing a line in the sand, demanding that agencies that were not fully ready for year 2000 as of Sept. 1 have a business continuity plan in place by then.

COLORADO $35.5 million

Colorado is not including higher education or embedded systems in its year 2000 spending figures.

Colorado's year 2000 officials are holding their systems to a more stringent definition of year 2000-ready than some states. 'We don't determine a system is compliant until we've done an internal verification,' said Brian Mouty, statewide year 2000 project manager. The central Year 2000 Project Office will review 161 mission-critical systems.

The state is spending $3.1 million on an independent verification and validation process. The Year 2000 Project Office then will review that process.

CONNECTICUT $110 million

The state has a $95 million remediation budget to keep its systems working and a $15 million budget for contingency planning.

The figures do not count state personnel costs and other activities coming from agency operating budgets.

Of 1,500 systems, 635 are mission-critical. Numbers include systems from all three branches and higher education.

Connecticut also separately monitors the 50 most important systems that handle tasks such as welfare checks, inmate management and air quality monitoring. Those systems are 97 percent converted and 87 percent ready.

DELAWARE $6 million

The $6 million estimate applies only to software applications of mission-critical systems, based on an agency poll conducted a couple of years ago. Because state operations are decentralized, agencies are coordinating their own year 2000 budgets and work.

Of the state's 111 mission-critical systems, 73 needed work. The count includes legislative and state court systems. The state does not consider education systems mission-critical but is tracking kindergarten through higher education readiness in the overall count of 454 systems.

The state's Office of Information Services, which runs several big state systems such as payroll, accounting and State Police, is 93 percent ready. A statewide contingency plan exercise will take place next month.

FLORIDA $90 million

Florida's spending estimate counts work for mission-critical services and embedded systems only.

'We were thinking at one time there may be some additional non-mission-critical stuff, but it's not turning out that way,' Year 2000 Project Office project manager Glenn Mayne said. 'So that's pretty much our total effort to do the job.'

In July, nine systems of the state's 510 mission-critical systems across 32 agencies were not ready. Although Florida is tracking court, legislative and higher education systems, they are not included in the count.

GEORGIA $378 million

Georgia attributes its relatively high spending number to the fact that of its work, two-thirds falls under a modernization project encompassing such areas as infrastructure and administrative systems. Also, it is tallying all spending by agencies'including salaries, analysis and PC upgrades'for time and effort billed on renovation and modernization work. Higher education is included.

The state's readiness steps are analysis, remediation, user acceptance and technical testing, certification, and date testing. The readiness number is based on work hours completed through the user acceptance and technical testing stage.

HAWAII $23 million

The Aloha State will ring in New Year's Day later than all the other states except Alaska, so it will get a chance to see how the day unfolds.

Hawaii year 2000 officials included all state agencies, embedded systems and higher education in their year 2000 reporting, said Melvin Morris, assistant administrator for the Information and Communications Services Division of the Accounting and General Services Department.

The state is tracking 881 systems, 12 of which were deemed mission-critical. Out of the 12, 10 were tested and 2000-ready as of August, Morris said.

IDAHO $14.5 million

Idaho officials are including all three branches of government and higher education in their spending estimates.

According to Miles Browne, year 2000 project team manager for the Administration Department, the state is keeping close year 2000 tabs on 29 mission-critical projects. 'We're looking at them from a project standpoint,' a more holistic view, Browne said.

As of July, the state had most of its systems 100 percent tested and ready, but there were still some minor systems that were 50 percent ready, Browne said.

ILLINOIS $140.1 million

Readiness numbers are based on 216 Tier 1 and Tier 2 executive branch functions rather than systems. Tier 1 failures would affect public safety, welfare or major state revenue within 24 hours; Tier 2 within a week.

A function is not considered ready until every mainframe, midrange, PC, embedded and vendor-provided system affecting it is ready, chief information officer Mary Reynolds said.

'I really don't want to explain that we have three critical systems that aren't working,' Reynolds said. 'To me, as long as the function is working, that's all that matters.'

Contingency planning, contingency exercises and outreach are on the plate for this fall.

INDIANA $41 million

The state's readiness numbers include every state system.

'We had originally identified 51 mission-critical systems but decided there was no point in differentiating because we planned to have everything ready,' Year 2000 Office director William Pierce said.

The spending estimate comprises only centralized year 2000 assistance funds requested by agencies in addition to their regular budgets. If an agency is using its own funding and resources, it must report status but not cost to the central office.

Iowa $30 million-$35 million

Iowa officials included more than 1,000 systems in their estimates and about 35 million lines of code, said Paul Carlson, year 2000 project manager for Information Technology Services. The department is including all state agencies and higher education systems in its estimates. 'And we're five months ahead of schedule,' he said.

As of last month, Iowa won a green light for all systems from Computer Technology Associates of Bethesda, Md., which performed an IV&V audit.

Iowa's year 2000 success has set a standard that the department is going to carry on after 2000, said business and finance administrator Tom Shepherd.

KANSAS $25.6 million

Chief information technology officer Don Heiman is tracking all the systems in the state as mission-critical.

'If it's not mission-critical, you shouldn't have it,' he said.

Heiman ranked systems into three levels of mission-critical. The 89 percent shown represents the Level 1 mission-critical systems. Level 2 systems are 90 percent repaired. Level 3 systems, the lowest priority, are 83 percent repaired.

Heiman also tracks 44,500 software applications, which are 93 percent ready. Kansas is including higher education and all three branches of state government in its assessments.

KENTUCKY $36 million

Kentucky's spending estimate counts executive branch systems spending for year 2000, including some modernization work that is not necessarily related to year 2000, statewide year 2000 coordinator John Tomlinson said.

The state has tallied 106 mission-critical systems, 92 percent of which run on mainframes and are ready. Business continuity planning is scheduled for completion by the end of the month.

The state's Year 2000 Project Office is building a repository that will hold documentation of all year 2000 work. The office is also determining resources that each Kentucky department will need come Dec. 31.

LOUISIANA $50 million

Down on the bayou, they're taking a ground zero approach to year 2000. Each agency is putting into place what is called zero day or response planning, in addition to a contingency plan, said Chris LeBlanc, year 2000 project officer for the Administration Department

Sept. 30 is the deadline for each agency to have a contingency plan in place. More than half of all mission-critical systems already have a plan, LeBlanc said. Louisiana is finishing up the testing process on the last 13 percent of its mission-critical systems.

MAINE $15 million

Maine estimates that it will spend $15 million to $20 million on year 2000 work. That figure comes from what agencies expect to spend from their own budgets. The state is providing no above-and-beyond funding.

Of the state's 517 systems needing work, 247 are mission-critical. The Information Services Department determined the mission-critical systems based on public safety, emergency preparedness and statewide use concerns.

The department has asked agencies to provide monthly status reports, and it follows up with agencies that don't send in reports. It is tracking judicial systems but not legislative or university systems.

MARYLAND $120 million

The spending breaks down into $97 million in general funds for year 2000 work and $23 million in agency and federal funds.

The state considers 430 systems to be mission-critical, with highest priorities being safety, public health, financial hardship and fiscal prudence.

All of the state's mainframes, 90 percent of its midrange computers and 82 percent of its 66,000 PCs are ready. Each state agency's year 2000 risk manager is overseeing contingency planning for critical business processes.

In a July 22 statewide testing exercise, 51 tests found only two nonready items'a device for which operators don't use dates anyway and a system that is being replaced.

MASSACHUSETTS $103 million

The cost estimate is through fiscal 2000, ending in June. The spending mainly counts contractor work but also counts some agency budget money considered to be direct year 2000 spending.

'It's kind of hard to tell,' said Val Asbedian, IT Division director of strategic planning. 'You do work that has Y2K impact, but it isn't Y2K work.'

The state has identified 299 systems as mission-critical, and it expects those systems to be 98 percent ready by the end of this month. Counts include judicial and legislative branches as well as higher education.

MICHIGAN $55.6 million

The state's Management and Budget Department received a $55.6 million appropriation to provide executive branch agencies with supplemental year 2000 resources. Agencies are reportedly on track with that budget.

Michigan is fixing or retiring 677 mission-critical systems, defined as systems without which agencies cannot perform daily functions. Of its 465 lower-priority systems, 90 percent were ready by July.

Business continuity plans are required for systems the state has identified as supporting essential state functions.

MINNESOTA $50 million

Minnesota is taking it to the streets. North Star State officials used the Aug. 3 National Night Out, an annual community public safety event, to get out the word on year 2000.

Minnesota officials are leaving it up to each agency to decide what systems are mission-critical, said Jim Close, year 2000 project manager for the Administration Department. The state is evaluating 1,300 systems, ranging from animal health to welfare. Close said that the Year 2000 Project Office is not including colleges and universities in its year 2000 tracking.

MISSISSIPPI $31 million

The state's spending figure tallies consulting services for remediation and testing, not major modernization or operating-budget funds.

Twenty-nine of Mississippi's 30 mission-critical executive branch agencies were ready as of July; just one tax system was holding the rest of them up. Contingency planning was in full swing, and the state held a contingency planning class last month for small agencies.

As for non-mission-critical systems, the state considers itself in good shape.

'We have some PC systems and some off-the-shelf software that still needs to be completed, but we're really optimistic about the way we look right now,' year 2000 coordinator Teresa Karnes said.

MISSOURI $57 million

Missouri is tracking all systems in all three branches of government as mission-critical, CIO Mike Benzen said.

'If it's not mission-critical, we'd throw it away,' he said.

Each agency's year 2000 progress is posted at, which is updated monthly. The charts show a level of detail down to the number of lines of code in each system of each agency.

The state is excluding higher education from its year 2000 work. 'A whole herd of departments are at 97 or 98 percent,' Benzen said. 'I've been beating them with a 40-ounce Louisville Slugger.'

MONTANA $3 million-$5 million

Montana officials approached the state's date code problem with characteristic Montana style: They fixed it themselves.

'We did most of the work in-house,' said Scott Lockwood, year 2000 compliance officer for the Information Services Division. That explains how the state remediated 700 state systems for less than $5 million, Lockwood said.

Montana has a fairly decentralized structure, Lockwood said. Although ISD provided centralized testing, it was

up to each agency to develop a plan and get it done, he said.

NEBRASKA $19.9 million

In contrast to Montana, Nebraska is a highly centralized state, said Steve Henderson, deputy administrator of the Administrative Services Department.

Henderson includes about 217 enterprise-level applications in his year 2000 numbers. His numbers don't include expenditures for 'agencies chasing down every PC' for year 2000 assessment.

Henderson said he and his staff are following acting CIO Steve Schaefer's four-point year 2000 agenda: fix remaining technical problems; prepare and coordinate emergency response; provide outreach to local government and

small businesses; and handle general information dissemination.

NEVADA $6.4 million

Nevada isn't gambling with the year 2000. The state is including all agencies, higher education and embedded systems in its year 2000 planning, said Tom Loux, year 2000 project manager for the Information Technology Department.

At first, Nevada officials divided the state systems into mission-critical and non-mission-critical, but they ended up grouping all systems together, Loux said.

'We're tracking systems in 124 agencies, 80 commissions and the university system, including LANs, WANs, hubs, routers and 20,000 PCs,' Loux said.

NEW HAMPSHIRE $53 million

The state is counting the judicial and legislative branches in its tallies. The cost estimate is based on an agency poll of expected spending and counts systems work not done specifically for year 2000 but having year 2000 implications. Readiness numbers are based on all 305 business functions identified by state agencies, as supported by 554 systems. The state is emphasizing 83 functions it has deemed critical to life, health and safety.

By July, all state agencies were in the process of or had completed contingency planning.

NEW JERSEY $120 million

The state has identified 195 mission-critical systems.

'We took an inventory and categorized them into tiers'no ifs, ands or buts,' said executive branch year 2000 coordinator and Education Department CIO Jack Longworth. The count included executive branch agencies only.

The target for completion of contingency plans is Sept. 30. As of July, the systems comprising the last 4 percent of readiness were nearly done, Longworth said. Some systems were going through IV&V reviews by GartnerGroup Inc. of Stamford, Conn., and independent audits by the state Office of Legislative Services and the federal government.

NEW MEXICO $15.2 million-plus

By the end of this month, New Mexico expects all 287 mission-critical systems to be ready for year 2000 or else have a business continuity plan in place, said Marty Berman, senior staff member with the Information Technology Management Office.

The state also identified 23 core systems that have a statewide impact on public safety, health and human services or key financial transactions.

Berman stressed that $15.2 million was an approximation. 'Much of our Y2K remediation efforts are wrapped into the $150 million we spend per year on IT,' he said.

NEW YORK $260 million

New York considers its 40 mission-critical systems to be its top priority.

Although the readiness number reflects the percentage of mission-critical systems, the state is internally tracking all its work by a weighted work-hour scale so that a small system needing little work isn't weighted the same as a large system needing a lot. The effort for mission-critical systems in July was 99.9 percent done, and the 335 high-priority systems were at 86 percent.

The state has developed a test strategy guide for agencies and in July was looking to coordinate a contingency planning exercise with other states.

NORTH CAROLINA $130.8 million

North Carolina is counting all of its 1,094 systems, including higher education, in its readiness tally. The 97 percent renovated includes systems that needed no work as well as those that did.

The state has chosen 132 mission-critical applications for IV&V review. As of late June, final reports were issued on 56 systems, 44 of which were reported as ready. Nine reportedly needed minor modifications and just three were deemed not ready.

The Year 2000 Project Office launched a Countdown 2000 campaign, intended to give agencies and universities insight into risk areas such as infrastructure readiness and contingency planning.

NORTH DAKOTA $25 million-$30 million

North Dakota ranks at the top in year 2000 readiness, according to a recent report by the U.S. General Accounting Office. Along with Iowa and Nebraska, North Dakota had 100 percent of its systems ready for year 2000 as of last month.

The state is including higher education, all three branches of government and 62 mission-critical systems in its year 2000 planning.

North Dakota started working on year 2000 remediation in 1996, which is one reason why the state is ahead of the game, said Rob Gall, IT business analyst for the Information Technology Department.
OHIO $61 million

The spending estimate refers only to year 2000 spending over and above that of the regular agency budgets, but the state expects to have estimates on year 2000's toll on regular budgets by the end of this month.

The main state year 2000 office is tracking readiness in executive branch agencies, the Legislature and the state Supreme Court only. Ohio, like New York, is tracking systems in terms of percentage of work.

OKLAHOMA Several million dollars

Oklahoma divided its systems into three levels of mission criticalness, said retired National Guard Col. Gary Jackson. (In Oklahoma, the Guard is overseeing year 2000 work.)

At the first level are systems that affect immediate public safety. Second-level systems provide essential services. Third-level systems are those in the area of general government infrastructure.

Last month, the state hosted an Internet webcast about year 2000 on Gov. Frank Keating's Web site, at The site received 1,762 e-mail inquiries in two hours, Jackson said.

OREGON $99.7 million

Oregon is tracking 78 statewide mission-critical systems, including higher education and labor costs, said Christy Leonhardt, communications coordinator for the Statewide Year 2000 Project Office.

The state is dividing its year 2000 assessment into four phases: evaluation, correction, testing and implementation. Based on quality benchmarks, each system's readiness level is assigned a traffic-light color'green, yellow or red'and posted on the state's year 2000 Web site, at As of last month, 53 of the 78 mission-critical systems were rated green, ready to go; 22 were yellow; and three received red ratings, Leonhardt said.

PENNSYLVANIA $44.5 million

The commonwealth's cost estimate refers to all expenses for readying all mainframe systems as the most critical to Pennsylvania's executive branch agencies. Readiness numbers tally the status of the systems' 537 mission-critical applications only.

'Most of the databases and big number crunching is done on the mainframes, so that's the critical figure,' administration spokesman Scott Elliott said.

The state is spending another $9 million on fixing its 40,000 PCs. But the state does not necessarily count that as a year 2000 cost because the work is part of the normal PC replacement cycle, Elliott said.

RHODE ISLAND $5.5 million

Gov. Lincoln Almond issued an executive order requiring all 21 statewide mission-critical systems to be fixed and internally tested by July 1, and most are done.

A couple of systems have received waivers but will be finished by this month, state CIO Barbara Weaver said.

The state's cost estimate includes only funding that was appropriated above and beyond state agency operating budgets. The state made grants to individual agencies for particular year 2000 projects the agencies would not ordinarily have been able to handle.

SOUTH CAROLINA $32 million

South Carolina's cost estimate is based on work for 74 state agencies in the executive and legislative branches and the higher-education sector. County governments are handling court systems readiness.

The $32 million counts spending above and beyond any operating-budget cost. The state is tracking 689 mission-critical systems that directly impact state revenue, services delivery or the health, safety or livelihood of citizens.

Agencies had been reporting status quarterly but began reporting bimonthly this month. The state is emphasizing readying mission-critical systems and getting contingency plans in place in the event that the systems fail.

SOUTH DAKOTA $6 million

They don't do things halfway on the prairie. South Dakota included higher education, embedded systems, labor costs, 23 million lines of mainframe code, 948 nonmainframe systems and 30,000 equipment components in its year 2000 work, CIO Otto Doll said.

Year 2000 is turning out to be something of a blockbuster for South Dakota. The state's public broadcasting agency created a video called 'The Invasion of the Millennium Bug' that PBS picked up and showed nationally. Time Warner Inc. of New York then distributed it in stores throughout the nation.

TENNESSEE $15.5 million

Tennessee's cost figure is what agencies requested and got in additional funds for year 2000 work. Agencies did not have carte blanche on their requests.

'We chose not to allow people to go in and refurbish their whole computer inventory' with the money, state chief information officer Bradley Dugger said. 'We think that's a business issue, and if they'd been keeping fairly current, they wouldn't be facing major Y2K issues.'

The state's readiness numbers track the percentage of work done on 353 mission-critical systems, including desktop PC systems, in all branches and higher education. The state has deemed 155 most critical and is concerned about just three, one of which is a replacement child services system.

TEXAS $330 million

Don't mess with Texas when it comes to year 2000 planning. The Lone Star State is now in a mostly testing mode, said Shannon Porterfield, year 2000 coordinator for the Information Resources Department. Texas is readying embedded, higher education and all state agency systems except for a few under the legislative branch.

Since August 1997, Texas officials have participated in a monthly year 2000 conference call, Porterfield said. 'We started with three states, and now 37 states participate,' as does John A. Koskinen, chairman of the President's Council on the Year 2000 Conversion.

'We've gotten a lot of really good information and best-practices ideas from those calls,' Porterfield said.

UTAH $40 million-$50 million

Like several other states, Utah stratified its systems into levels of mission criticalness. 'We decided on 40 highly mission-critical systems,' said David Fletcher, deputy director of the Administrative Services Department, 'and then we're tracking about 350 systems that are still mission-critical but don't have as wide an impact.'

Utah developed a process whereby departments would set mainframe dates forward and test the systems' reaction.

Every department had to submit contingency plans, Fletcher said. This summer, the state sponsored exercises to test the plans. On Sept. 14, Utah is going to execute a statewide year 2000 drill.

VERMONT $1.5 million

All state year 2000 work is done within operational budgets; the $1.5 million figure refers to additional consulting work only. The state is counting all 80 state systems in all three branches.

'We lump everything together because we're such a small state,' said assistant CIO and state year 2000 coordinator Bob West. Vermont initially tracked mission-critical systems separately but found the percentages to be about the same as the general group.

West estimates that more than 90 percent of the systems were ready in July but that paperwork hadn't been completed. The state began focusing on contingency planning last month.

VIRGINIA $202.4 million

Virginia tracks not systems but what it calls priority business activities (PBAs)'319 in three government branches. The cost tally counts both appropriated and agency-reported absorbed costs.

The readiness figure encompasses five risk categories for the PBAs: embedded systems, data exchange, information systems, supply chain and telecommunications.

WASHINGTON $83 million

Washington includes all agencies and higher education in its 424 mission-critical systems. It was the first state to contract out to a vendor for ongoing external assessment, said Kathleen White, communications director for the Information Services Department.

A Web application at lets citizens create a personalized year 2000 profile and has been 'an awesome tool,' said Carolyn Barkley, manager of the Year 2000 Program Office. Visitors to the site can click on a map and drill down to find out the readiness of their banks and utility companies.

WASHINGTON, D.C. $97 million

Readiness numbers refer to all systems for Washington's 18 mission-critical agencies. The district has spent $97 million on year 2000 work for those agencies, including all systems work, contingency planning, assessment and inventory of non-IT assets, vendor management, and administrative support. It is seeking funding for additional year 2000 work.

All desktop PC and non-IT work is complete. The city, which started work only last summer, plans to finish up mission-critical systems by November. Although it is the least ready government on this list, it is one of 10 of the country's 21 largest cities that do not expect to be ready until year's end. Contingency plans for the 18 agencies were written by last month.

WEST VIRGINIA $37 million

The state's cost estimate is based on individual estimates given by agencies in all three branches and higher educa-tion institutions.

West Virginia has flagged 61 mission-critical apps that would put state government in serious jeopardy if they were not running come Jan. 1, said year 2000 coordinator and information services and communications director Mike Slater.

The state reported that if it could find a seemingly important and overlooked system, it would monitor it. As of July, there were no takers. Slater said he is concerned about the readiness of only one system, the Treasury Department's Receipts Processing System, but he said it has a five-day contingency plan if there is a breakdown.

WISCONSIN No estimate

Wisconsin agencies are required to work under regular operating budgets for year 2000 work as the No. 1 technology priority, and the state has not compiled a cost estimate.

Readiness numbers encompass 85 mission-critical executive branch agencies, although they tend to be the same percentages as overall systems, said Linda Seemeyer, executive sponsor for Wisconsin's year 2000 project and an executive assistant in the Administration Department.

More than 92 percent of mission-critical systems are probably ready, but the state plans to retest some, Seemeyer said. For example, the state payroll system has been ready since January but is receiving some routine enhancements. The state will deem it ready only after follow-up testing.

WYOMING $28.6 million

Wyoming officials did not respond to GCN/State & Local's request for information.

According to the latest publicly available statistics, Wyoming plans to spend $28.6 million on fixing year 2000 problems, not counting higher education. The state has 27 mission-critical systems.

The NASIRE survey indicates that Wyoming is planning to put a large system back into production in the fall, which should raise the readiness percentages.


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