IT gets easier in the Big Easy
Business process automation app helps New Orleans recover from Katrina damage<@VM>Sidebar | What is Business Process Management?
- By Joab Jackson
- Mar 13, 2008
Like much of the rest of the city, New Orleans' information technology department was nearly crippled by Hurricane Katrina. But as the city continues to put itself back together, the IT department has been able to rebuild ' and even improve some operations. The automation of its business processes has been among the improvements.
'It was really, really devastating. It actually changed the way we do business,' said Anthony Jones, New Orleans' chief technology officer.
Katrina hit New Orleans just before Labor Day weekend in 2005. The resulting floods wreaked considerably more havoc, forcing many residents to leave temporarily or for good.
'I had to do a lot of things to stay afloat,' Jones said. Although the city's data center, located on the third floor of a downtown building, wasn't flooded, it did suffer brownouts.
The citywide network, much of which still ran on copper, got waterlogged.
Perhaps worst of all, the city's IT department gradually lost a lot of employees through attrition and cut-backs. The staff went from 55 employees to 15.
'We really stretched the limited budget we had,' Jones said. 'Every dollar'was scrutinized two or three times.'
So when faced with setting up support to aid residents whose homes were damaged in the hurricane, the city decided to automate as much of the workflow as possible by using business process management (BPM) software.
City residents qualified for the Federal Emergency Management Agency's Hazard Mitigation Grant Program, which helps owners of hurricane-damaged homes demolish or rebuild them. But the city had little time to process all the applications.
More than 100,000 homes in New Orleans were flooded, and FEMA had a 60-day deadline for filing applications, though the agency later extended the deadline by 45 days.
Because the process of submitting forms involved multiple steps, BPM software seemed perfect for the task.
Simply put, BPM software automates workflow processes, said Laura Mooney, director of corporate marketing at Metastorm, whose software New Orleans used for the task. BPM lets you model the various facets of your organization ' such as people, components and data ' and map out all the steps in a process, such as applying for a grant. A BPM server can be set up to offer forms to users and, when the forms are filled out, check to see if they are complete. The software can route the completed forms to everyone who needs to review them in the proper order.
'It frees people to be doing stuff of higher value than sending documents around,' Mooney said.
BPM software tends to be expensive. Implementations start at about $125,000 and could cost more depending on the number of processes and scope of deployment, Mooney said. But it can handle multiple processes, even when each process has many steps. Plus, BPM software can work with all the applications that typically would be used in some part of the process ' such as a financial or human resources system.
'When you're going across departments, that's where you'll get huge increases of efficiencies using BPM,' Mooney said.
Systems integration company Ciber led the effort to install New Orleans' workflow system.
Most of the work involved setting up the backend processes, Jones said.
As it turned out, Louisiana set up its own relief effort while the workflow was in development, so the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program got only a few thousand applications.
The resulting system, however, saved time for applicants and city workers, reducing the time to get through the process from 30 to 45 days to 14 to 21 days.
The software also worked as a document management system. 'Any picture that was taken, any copies of the tax bill, anything pertaining to the insurance that the homeowner had was all scanned and saved within this application,' Jones said.Expanded duties
BPM worked so well that the city is expanding the software's role to handle other tasks, such as routing contracts through the approval process.
This year, the city will process between $1 billion and $2 billion worth of contracts. Each contract moves by manila folder through approximately eight offices.
'So it goes from my desk to your desk, and if you put it under a stack of papers, you may not find it for two months. In the meantime, people are calling the mayor and saying, 'Where's my contract?' ' said Jeff Talley, Ciber's state and local government director who was also site director for the company's work with New Orleans.
It takes the city three months to six months to approve each contract. Officials want to get that down to three weeks.
Through a Web dashboard, the BPM software will allow city officials to pinpoint where a contract is in the process and who is next to sign off on it.
The city is also automating its permit system for digging on city streets. The BPM system will interface with the city's geographic information system, allowing officials to identify areas that need to be dug up. It will also give people requesting permits access to a portal displaying the status of their requests.
'We wanted to remove the parts that require manual intervention,' Jones said.
The following are excerpts from the recently published "BPM for Dummies: Software AG Special Edition" by Kiran Garimella, Michael Lees and Bruce Williams (Wiley Publishing):
Business Process Management (BPM) is a set of methods, tools, and technologies used to design, enact, analyze, and control operational business processes. BPM is a process-centric approach for improving performance that combines information technologies with process and governance methodologies.
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With BPM, you can automate the execution of many process tasks that may have previously been handled manually. You can combine new and existing services to do this. For tasks that still require manual handling, BPM will coordinate the workflow and direct action by notifying people and presenting them the information they need to perform their work.
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BPM provides visibility into the state of current processes, and extracts the key metrics that are important to how that process affects the business. This way, you can judge how effective your processes are now, and then design processes that will improve performance against these metrics.
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Because BPM enables shifting the bulk of IT effort from sustaining support to solutions development, and because solutions are composed of orchestrated services, IT staff (and particularly business analysts) elevate their roles from IT practitioners to process engineers. Most IT shops have many 'code-heads' who just want to write computer code. Unless you're a software development company, this isn't your core competence. Over time, train your IT developers to become more process-centric, and enable some of your developers to become process engineers.
Joab Jackson is the senior technology editor for Government Computer News.