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Which Web browser was the first with a graphical user interface?

a. ViolaWWW

b. Erwise

c. Nexus

d. Mosaic

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Answer:

Erwise, written for Unix computers running X Windows System and released in April 1992, was the first browser commonly available with a graphical user interface. But it didn’t stick around long. It was the master’s degree project of four students in Helsinki, who then graduated and went on to other things. World Wide Web inventor Tim Berners-Lee (who in 1990 created the first Web browser of any kind, WorldWideWeb, later renamed Nexus to avoid confusion with the Web itself) wanted to continue their work, but most of the documentation was in Finnish.

About a year later (ViolaWWW appeared in the meantime), the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign released Mosaic, which revolutionized the graphical interface for browsers and is credited with popularizing the Web. The development team was led by Marc Andreessen, who later co-founded Mosaic Communications, which became Netscape Communications and produced Netscape Navigator.

Posted on Sep 08, 2011 at 9:39 AM


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