6.1 Department of Defense Biometrics (DoD Biometrics)
DoD Biometrics designs, engineers, acquires, deploys, and sustains Enterprise biometric solutions in multiple operating environments enabling identity dominance on the battlefield and across DoD.
DoD Biometric systems capture, transmit, store, manage, share, retrieve, and display biometric data for timely identification or identity verification. These systems are mission enablers for force protection, intelligence, physical and logical access control, identity management/credentialing, detention and interception operations.
With a PM forward organization in Iraq and Afghanistan, the DoD Biometrics office provides biometrics support to the Overseas Contingency Operations (OCOs), including counter intelligence, Iraqi and Afghani security force screening, detainee operations, cache and post- IED incident exploitation, intelligence operations, presence operations, local population control, seizure operations, and base access control.
DoD Biometrics protects the nation through identity dominance by enabling responsive, accurate, and secure biometrics any place, any time, in cooperation with the Department of Homeland Security, Department of Justice, Department of State and other government agencies. DoD Biometrics has transformed the current environment, which was based on legacy stovepipe pilot programs, Advanced Concept Technology Demonstrations (ACTD), and Rapid Equipping Force (REF) projects, to enduring capabilities. Biometrics is moving towards an Enterprise system-of-systems staged architecture composed of strategic, operational, and tactical components.
Organizations within PM DoD Biometrics include:
• Biometrics Enabling Capability (BEC)
• Joint Personnel Identification (JPI)
6.2 Biometrics Enabling Capability (BEC)
BEC consists of the Next Generation-Automated Biometric Identification System, also known as (NG-ABIS) – the central, authoritative, multi-modal biometric data repository. It is the enterprise-level authoritative data source for DoD biometrics. NG-ABIS expands capabilities with multi-modal (fingerprint, palm, iris, face) storage and matching, watch list capability, and improved integration with interagency repositories. It is based on adaptations of COTS products, using open architecture to minimize development and speed deployment. The system takes advantage of low-risk, cost-effective blade hardware to optimize system availability and scalability, and ensure continuity of operations.
NG-ABIS interfaces with numerous DoD and interagency biometrics systems, including the FBI Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS), and the Department of Homeland Security IDENT System, storing and matching biometric data on persons of interest to DoD.
Products and Services
• Next Generation-Automated Biometric Identification System (NG-ABIS) also known as DoD ABIS.
6.3 Joint Personnel Identification (JPI)
As an acquisition category 1 (special interest) program, JPI will provide an Army tactical mobile and portable biometric collection capability to capture an adversary or neutral person’s biometric data and enroll them into the DoD Automated Biometric Identification System (ABIS) database to positively identify and verify the identity of actual or potential adversaries. JPI development will be informed by prototype collection capabilities utilized in the Biometrics Automated Toolset - Army (BAT-A).
U.S. forces are currently operating unilaterally or in combination with joint, multinational, and interagency partners, to identify unknown individuals and verify the identity of person(s) across the full spectrum of military operations, to include OCOs.
Capabilities proposed for JPI will provide a means to collect, match, store and serve as a basis to further build upon to address a full range of operational mission environments.
Products and Services
• Biometric Automated Toolset – Army (BAT-A)
• Handheld Interagency Identity Detection Equipment (HIIDE)
• Secure Electronic Enrollment Kit II (SEEK II)